Cancer and Science Policy Research for Public Interest

   Research Institute of New Social Sciences


Copyright:Boston Cancer Policy Institute, Inc.

​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​Social Science Research Programs

We set the following scholarly social science research programs that focus on managerial economics, regulatory and governance strategies, and social science and ethics aspects of translational sciences:
1.  Governance and management frameworks of translational science, particularly for cancers and similar molecular mutations.
2.  Institutional frameworks that facilitate or hinder scientific knowledge production and diffusion for sustainability  
3.  Research policies and governance modality


1. Governance and Management Frameworks of Translational Science
    Translational science is an integrative process in which, by starting from basic science, all stages are expected to inform other phases with the involvement of human-derived biological materials or humans (National Institute of Health).  Ultimate goals are to improve clinical efficacy and safety, population health, and regulatory policies ( See, https://ncats.nih.gov/translation/spectrum).
     Among the spectrums of translational science, we focus on governance and management issues that occur in the stages of basic research, discoveries, and the process of translating mechanism basis to applications.

     Thus the clinical research phase and medical settings are outside of the scope. However, the analysis of the translational process necessitates the knowledge of bioethics in clinical settings and patient populations.

     This program seeks to contribute to theoretical frameworks of governance and management of translational sciences that are also transferable to other fields of academic sciences.​

2. Institutional Frameworks that facilitate or hinder Scientific Knowledge Production and Diffusion for Sustainability

​     There are several factors and conditions that promote scientific knowledge production and diffusion. Sound academic knowledge production is one of necessary conditions.
    On the other hand, there are systemic issues that may hinder the diffusion of the benefits of science.

For example, when the poor environmental quality such as soil contamination combines with social inequity, such condition invokes more sickness to people who live or work in the contaminated area than those in the less contaminated community (see, NIEHS). Contaminants such as mold and chemicals induce several diseases, including cancers (such as chorangiocarcinoma), auto-immune diseases, and other microbiome-related illness (National Academy of Medicine, 2019; Science Communication Unit at University of the West in England, Bristol, 2013). 

      

This research program will identify organizational factors, external contexts. and institutional issues that promote or hinder scientific knowledge production and diffusion for sustainability. It investigates pathways and governance modalities to moderate issues.
 
3.    Research Policies and Governance Modality
       The third program is to contribute to scientific research policy frameworks by understanding pathways in which law and regulatory strategies affect scientists’ and science organizations’ behaviors. The goals are to include more subgroups in the beneficiaries regardless of their socio-economic status and other conditions. The goals also include the protection of disadvantaged parties in contractual relations (see, Armour et al., 2017).


The scope of investigation includes relations between global science governance and nation-specific regulations on emerging sciences whose impacts on humans and human rights may be transnational (For example, see, Management of knowledge-intensive organizations: Governance models for transformative discovery. New York: Palgrave Macmillan; Switzerland: Springer International).