Cancer and Science Policy Research for Public Interest
Research Institute of New Social Sciences
Social Science Research Programs
Our research consists of the following scholarly social science research programs that focus on managerial economics, regulatory and governance strategies, and social science and ethics aspects of translational sciences: 1. Governance and Management Frameworks of Translational Science, particularly for cancers and similar molecular mutations. 2. Institutional Frameworks and Barriers to Scientific Knowledge Production 3. Research Policies and Governance Modality
1. Governance and Management Frameworks of Translational Science Translational science is an integrative process in which, by starting from basic science, all phases are expected to inform other phases with an involvement of human-derived biological materials or humans (National Institute of Health). Ultimate goals are to improve clinical efficacy and safety, population health, and regulatory policies ( See, https://ncats.nih.gov/translation/spectrum). Among the spectrums of translational science, we focus on governance and management issues that occur in the basic research, discoveries, and the process of translating to applications.
Thus the clinical research phase and medical settings are outside of the scope. However, analyzing the translation process necessitates the knowledge on bioethics in clinical settings and patient populations.
This program seeks to contribute to theoretical frameworks of governance and management that are also transferable to other fields of academic sciences.
2. Institutional Frameworks and Barriers to Scientific Knowledge Production There are systemic issues that may place barriers to advancing specific science fields (For example, Institute of Medicine /National Academy of Science 2011; 2018, among others). Translational science related to cancer-induced bone pain and epilepsy fall into such category.
This research program will identify organizational factors, external constraints and institutional barriers that confront with the realization of stakeholder fairness. It investigates mechanisms that prohibit specific fields of science from proceeding in the process and seeks clues to mitigate problems. This program also examines governance modalities to understand the normative pathways to moderate the issues.
3. Research Policies and Governance Modality The third program is to contribute to scientific research policy frameworks by understanding pathways in which law and regulatory strategies affect scientists’ and science organizations’ behaviors. The goals are to improve research outcomes by including more subgroups of individuals in potential beneficiaries regardless of their social /economic status and other conditions. The goals also include the protection of disadvantaged parties in contractual relations (see, Armour et al., 2017). This program also investigates relations between global science governance and nation-specific regulations on emerging sciences whose impacts on humans and human rights may be transnational (for example, see, Management of knowledge-intensive organizations: Governance models for transformative discovery).